General Computer Protection Strategies to Employ

In addition to buying software for anti-hacking and anti-virus protection, there are a number of additional strategies that you can employ on your computer and as you operate your computer to help protect it against intrusion and to protect your information wherever you may choose to let it reside. Here’s a list of some tips that will help you.

    • Turn off or logout of your computer when not using it – the less time your computer is online, the less it is being seen by externals that may mean you harm.
    • If you have more than one person in your household using your computer, set up separate “firewalled” accounts for each of them – don’t let people onto your system through your own login and password.
    • Keep your anti-virus software as current as you can. Update it regularly so that you are protected against the newer viruses that have been identified and have been guarded against by your anti-virus software provider.
    • Increase the privacy settings on your computer. In an upcoming lecture, I show you how to update these settings if you are using Windows 10. Watch that video as well and also be looking to update your privacy settings on older versions of Windows if that is what you are running on your computer.
    • Be careful opening PDF files you receive from external sources. Hackers and software virus creators have in recent times found this to be an effective platform for sending out their damage causing payloads.
    • Regarding e-mails, don’t be curious. If you don’t know where an e-mail came from, don’t open it. If you do open an e-mail from someone you don’t know and/or that you received in an unsolicited manner, do not click on any links found within the e-mail. Executable viruses are sometimes attached to what you think is just a link to another site.
    • If you are concerned about the authenticity of an e-mail address when you have received an e-mail, check it out by looking at the “Details” dropdown you can click next to the e-mail name. I have sometimes even taken this one step further by checking out their e-mail domain address using a domain provider to do a “Who Is” search when I am really wondering about where something came from.
    • Be careful of all downloads to your computer. Be sure you know the source is safe and you are on a real webpage belonging to that source when you download the content. Hackers are now setting up “Fake” webpages that look like real businesses to lure you in so that they can access you through downloads from their sites.
  • Using the “Cloud” for storage is risky – even places like Google Drive, Dropbox, etc. can be hacked. Cloud storage locations seem to be prime targets for hackers. These are convenient storage and data backup locations for many so if you want to use them, here are a few tips that could save the privacy of your content there.

o The simplest protection method is to only send encrypted or Zipped content up there for storage. If you are using zip files, use the Zip password feature before sending. This helps to protect your content even if that site gets hacked.

o Encrypt your important files on your computer first before sending them to the cloud. In fact, it is a good idea to only store your important files on your computer in encrypted formats only even when they reside on your computer. Encryption products like MEGA and SpiderOak can help you here. If you are really working with sensitive content regularly, you can also implement products like encFS – it takes a couple of hours to install, but it can setup folders on your computer that automatically encode all files you move there. This folder and its subsets look and behave just like normal folders on your PC so once installed, encryption is automatic for you.

    • Use of plugins such as webcams and microphones. Set your privacy settings to disallow applications to use them on your PC and disconnect external microphones and webcams when not in use. It is not that difficult for an external to get into most systems and take control of these devices to watch you or record you as you do things in and around your computer.
    • If you are on a Microsoft platform, consider installing their free application – “The Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit.” Microsoft Quote: “The Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET) is a utility that helps prevent vulnerabilities in software from being successfully exploited. EMET achieves this goal by using security mitigation technologies. These technologies function as special protections and obstacles that an exploit author must defeat to exploit software vulnerabilities. These security mitigation technologies do not guarantee that vulnerabilities cannot be exploited. However, they work to make exploitation as difficult as possible to perform. EMET also provides a configurable SSL/TLS certificate pinning feature that is called Certificate Trust. This feature is intended to detect (and stop, with EMET 5.0) man-in-the-middle attacks that are leveraging the public key infrastructure (PKI).”
    • When you are out browsing websites that you may be clicking content and links on, be looking for https sites where you can – but don’t just trust the (s) on the end of the URL’s http. Click on the associated lockbox to check out the legitimacy of the security certificate details for the webpage being explored.
    • Scorpion System Protection is an anti-hacking software product you may consider purchasing. Built to support Microsoft, the NIST, DoD, and Homeland Security remote access standards, this product will help increase the security of your computer to Government usage standards.
    • Sandboxie is a protection application you can purchase for both home and business use. It is a good place to run new software you have concerns about using plus it has a lot of great other features. Sandboxie uses isolation technology to separate programs from your underlying operating system preventing unwanted changes from happening to your personal data, programs and applications that rest safely on your hard drive.
  • When surfing the Internet, never login from your computer while in Administrator mode on your computer. You do not want this login information to be shared out there in Cyberspace. Only go to the Internet from user accounts you have set up on your computer.

In summary, implementing some or all of these ideas on your computer and in your online life will go a long way to protecting you. That’s all for this article. Bye for now.

3 Ways That Can Help You to Remove Malware

Malware, spyware and viruses have one particular thing in common. They very easily slow down your computer, steal important information and corrupt vital files. There are many other unsuitable and inappropriate things that they are capable of doing. It is a well- known fact that not all the malwares are created in an equal manner and there are some items that are harder to remove when compared to the others. There are three ways that you can use to get rid of malware. These have been explained as follows.

1. Scanning

There are thousands and millions of different programs that are out there in the virus/spyware removal category. Also most of these programs are free which a good thing is. Different programs will give you different results and thus it depends on what exactly you wish to get from these programs. Hence the best thing that you can do when your computer is infected with multiple viruses is to run multiple programs. In order to get around this thing, you can either scan the system or you can enter the safe mode on your Windows system.

2. Rescue disks

In addition to entering the safe mode, you can also scan your computer before your Windows has a chance of getting booted up. This can be done by utilizing an offline virus scanner and sometimes a pre- boot scanner. The way that this works is that you will have to use another computer to properly download a file for ISO image from any anti- virus company.

3. Clean install

A clean install is not meant to be the most fun thing to do. However, it is a method that can guarantee you to get rid of all the viruses, malware as well as spyware. It is also pretty straight forward, when you are able to do a clean install. You will be able to delete everything on your hard disk and therefore there will not be any viruses. There will also be times, when a virus will not be able to infect items like text documents, pictures, MP3 files and videos. Here, a good thing to do is to scan all your personal data and even then if there are no viruses to be found, you can copy it to your external drive.

How Can Email Encryption Help Your Business?

Though people are connecting more and expressing themselves more through various online channels, at the same time they are also growing increasingly protective of who is given access to these details and who is not. From email accounts to phone screens, everything digital is protected by passwords today. However, this overprotectiveness is totally justified as there are security threats all around us, hackers and eavesdroppers who relentlessly try to access information that is not meant for them.

Emails are one of the biggest victims of security threats and given the confidential nature of emails, dealing with these threats is much essential. Especially in business organizations where emails are the primary means of communication and sensitive information like bank account details, balance sheets, ledgers and operational plans are exchanged every second. A simple breach could result in loss of millions depending on the sensitivity of the information. Email encryption is the answer to these security threats and here’s how it will help business organizations.

What is Email Encryption?

As the name suggests it is the encryption of emails so that any mail sent is accessed by the intended user alone. Generally, an email is sent from a source server to a destination server and hackers try to bypass these emails before they reach the intended destination. However, even if the hacker gets his hands on these emails, they can be password protected so that the sensitive information inside is still out of reach. The mails are password protected using a combination of public and private keys, and only the concerned parties will be aware of the private key needed to open the mail.

Benefits of Email Encryption to Business Organizations

Apart from privacy, there are many other benefits that are offered by encryption services. They are as follows.

• Email encryption services can be directly integrated into the email system that a particular organization is using and there is no need for a different system. Moreover, additional hardware/software installations are not required as well.

• The interface of the email encryption system is very user friendly thus avoiding the need of any training as such. Considering that a lot of people will be using this service, big organizations can save a lot of time and money since there’s no training involved.

• Business organizations are required to comply with a number of security measures such as HIPAA, PCI DSS, GLBA and FERPA, which expect the organization to safeguard the privacy of its employees and its operations. Email encryption services will serve as an added advantage in this regard.

• Phishing attacks can be avoided using encryption services as they allow the recipients to establish that the message is coming from a credible source. This in turn ensures hassle free communication and speedy delivery of the emails.

• Lastly, email encryption services offer additional security controls like regulating the maximum number of views, read receipts, retract ability of messages and so on.

Rules To Succeed With Your iPad App Development

Integrating iPad with iOS technology at the heart of your business strategy gives birth to a new era of possibilities infinite. With productivity effortless and innovation limitless, iPad apps enable your business to operate in ways never before.

With multitasking, delivering great security and the best user experience has never been easier with iPad app development. Choosing the right iPad app development company is not as simple as it sounds.

Down the line, there have been a number of iPad app development companies across the globe. However, very few of them are successful in leaving an impression. The question that arises here is: why would only a few of them succeed and the others don’t? Is it because most of them, being similar in their development approaches, actually add little or even no value for their users. Well, that does not signify that being different is the key to succeeding with your iPad app. Let us here learn about what more does it takes to your iPad app’s success.

Adaptability: When we are among the first ones to go in for and take the advantage of the latest technology, then it is highly likely that we gain the required publicity without even demanding for it. Isn’t it eventually good? A good example of this kind of flexibility is the Passbook feature in Apple’s latest OS version.

Awareness: The some application analytics that add an understanding about the user interactions with the apps. You can always make use of free/ paid tools in order to determine the audience reach and engagement. Accordingly, this can enhance your existing app to add value or functionality to the advanced level, to improve conversions and optimize the app experience.

Uniqueness: Consider that there are numerous apps available on the App Store that offer the same thing as yours. Why will someone then be interested in choosing your app unless there is something extraordinary about it? Being unique does not always mean to have a fresh new idea, which does not already exist in the market. Rather, it means how we can actually present the idea in a different way. Do you have such an idea that would want to transform into a uniquely developed app?

While there may not be any magical solution, choosing a company with the above-mentioned insights can potentially make you successful with your iPad application development. Just remember the above approach and you will have your idea converted into a fully functional iPad app.

Entity-Relationship Diagrams

Creating an entity-relationship (ER) model is to visually represent the structure of a business database, where data equates to entities (or objects) that are linked by defined relationships expressing dependencies and requirements. By nature it is an abstract visualization, the first step in the design process towards creating a logical and functional database.

The original concept was formalized by Peter Chen, the influential computer scientist who wrote The Entity-Relationship Model – Towards a Unified View of Data. This paper provided structured notation for database models – it remains a well-used standard to this day, but other notations, such as Bachman, Barker, or Martin, have been devised to handle specific database requirements.

Entity-relationship diagrams (ERD) follow the common three-schema approach to software engineering, with three levels of abstraction being used to define an ER model.

Conceptual data model – A conceptual data model is the most abstract view of a data model. It offers a complete overview of a business area, including all significant business entities, and describing their relationships.

It omits further levels of detail, including data types and interface definitions, making it suitable as a means of presenting an initial business idea to a wide range of stakeholders.

Logical data model – Using this model a higher level of detail is established, with data entities describes as master, operational or transaction, and the relationships between them more precisely defined. This is the testing phase of a data model, where functionality can be observed independently of physical specifications.

Physical data model – At this point data modelers start to take into account the physical constraints of the database area. Important factors to consider are database performance, physical storage space, and indexing strategy. Diagram notations will fully define all tables and columns, indexes, constrain definitions, and any linking or partitioned tables.

Creating an ERD requires choosing a specific set of notations that best serve the specific database being designed. Chen’s original notation had a linguistic approach, where boxes representing entities could be thought of as nouns, and the relationships between them were in verb form, shown on a diagram as a diamond.

Eventually Chen’s style was adapted into the crow’s foot notation, where relationships were shown as single labelled lines – this quickly became the popular standard, due to improved readability on diagrams, with a more efficient use of space on the page.

Most other notation systems are adaptations, or use part of these original styles. Here is a brief list of some of the other standards that have been developed:

  • Bachman notation
  • Barker’s notation (ERDs for Oracle)
  • EXPRESS and EXPRESS-G notation
  • DEFX1
  • UML class diagrams
  • Merise
  • Object role modelling
  • (min – max) notation

ERDs are an invaluable tool for software engineers, particularly since computing capacity, and thus data storage capacity, has markedly increased in recent years. They allow every aspect of database design to be managed, tested and communicated before implementation. Because ERDs have such a broad scope of influence across database activities, it’s imperative the standardized notation can be utilized and interpreted by a wide variety of stakeholders.

To create an ERD, software engineers will mainly turn to dedicated drawing software, which will contain the full notation resources for their specific database design.

Strong and Scalable PHP Application to Improve Your Web Presence

PHP is a popular HTML – embedded scripting language which is widely utilized to write dynamic web pages quickly and easily. PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, it is previously known as Personal Home Page. PHP is open source software innovated in the year of 1995 by Rasmus Lerdorf. PHP scripts are normally enacted on the server. PHP is also used as general purpose programming language.

The PHP language empowers your website with comprehensive plug and play features. You might question what differentiates PHP language from client side JavaScript? The main thing is that the code is executed on the server, producing HTML that sent to the client side, then client would receive the outcomes of running the script, but would not be able to understand that the elements were there in the code. One can set his web server to process all HTML files with PHP language.

PHP for Open Source Development PHP, a scripting language for the purpose of fast placed, dependable as well as high performance based web development that provides websites the edge and touch to enhance the performance as well as high-end navigation experience. By embracing PHP to design, develop and maintenance of websites, a PHP developer offers the combined advantages of clarity and coherence in user-experience as well as flexibility to perform simple to complex and more complex functions. A PHP developer can equip with Open Source and PHP programming. He or she can be a specialist in working with multiple projects with multiple platforms to improve and empower any website with distinctive and exclusive plug and play features.

PHP and Open Source Platforms – In this highly competitive business market, the majority of people expect much, much more from their website(s) than organization’s information. A PHP developer can help you to redefine your online presence by means of advanced technological platforms by creating it more user-friendly, interactive as well as useful for your clients. A PHP developer is a specialist in web application development as well as web based software product development with maximum advantages leveraging the open source platforms.

A PHP Development Company work independently in conceptualization, design, development as well as PHP maintenance of web based products to give the best services. The below mentioned services can come underneath web development.

– Web Application Development

– Portal Development

– Business Application Development

– Social Networking site Development

– CMS Development

– Software or Web Applications Development

A trusted PHP Development can ensure proper integration with your website that gives your customers simple as well as user-friendly interfaces, so that it can help your online business run more efficiently and effectively, simple to navigate, uncluttered and useful to your countless clients.

PHP based open source technologies have several advantages and benefits. PHP can minimize your development cost by giving free web scripting platforms. This scripting language is capable enough to design as well as develop even high-traffic websites of any size. The code is normally embedded in C and/or C++ based HTML source code that easily makes developers more appropriate and rapid. PHP is highly compatible with all search engines as well as database systems. It supports all web servers such as, Apache, Microsoft IIS, Netscape, personal web server and more. One of the most important facilities you get with PHP is that it facilitated with security layers to prevent unnecessary threats as well as malicious attacks, because of these reasons PHP is dependable and proven one of the robust open source technologies in the world.

Stay Updated, Subscribe to the Latest Technology Blog

If you want to survive in this cutthroat competition in the market, you should stay updated. Especially, when you are in the field of technology, every single hour, there is one of the other update on gadgets or operating systems i.e. software. While it is difficult to keep your eyes on various sources, the best way to stay updated is to subscribe to blogs that cover tha latest information on technology.

Whether you need technology updates for personal or professional use, the latest technology blogs serve the purpose. Such blogs cover the latest news from the electronics companies, product launches, gadget reviews, and many more stuff that you want to know on day-to-day basis.

Staying updated in technology helps you in many ways. If you are an individual, technology blogs update you with the latest gadgets in the market. You may simply search the latest reviews that talk about pros and cons of electronic devices. The reviews can give you idea about which product is better to buy today, and what precautions you should take while using it.

If you run an IT company, subscribing to blogs on technology can help you learn the latest trends in the market. You can guide your team to research and come up with new ideas to be put into your service or product. Technology blogs are the best source to know the features of smartphones, tablets, wearable devices, and the like. In addition, the programmers in your company can learn a lot from technology blogs whenever there is a new operating system announced by Google Android, Windows or Apple.

The latest technology blogs are written by experts in various technologies. A blog is a place where veterans in relevant fields write to share their knowledge and thus, blogs on technology can be trusted for information on technology. For instance, programmers can rely on the blog to know better about the latest iOS SDK by Apple. They can learn the features, and also how to use the SDK to reap all the benefits in their programming.

Technology blogs include the topics on web designing, web development, UI & UX, mobile application development, the latest iOS or Android update, modern devices such as wearables, and other programming languages (like php,.net, Python, Java, etc.). These days, technology blogs also talk about automated mobile app development platforms and cross platform development.

What Does “Cloud Computing” Actually Mean?

To understand cloud computing as a concept, forget the hard drive!

There is no place in cloud computing for such a device, the hard drive is classified as local storage; it’s onsite and available to the network of users, but there isn’t designated hardware or a server for data storage included.

Cloud computing = internet.

To be classed as cloud computing, the service must be accessed via a network and this is normally the internet. It takes its name from the days when the internet was depicted in presentations as a big fluffy cloud with wires.

As the internet is broadly available and in an ever-growing number of locations, home and field based staff can access data via the internet without having to be physically present in the office. Also, if a sleepless team leader wants to access their report to work on it at 3a.m. then, if it is stored to a cloud and they can use the internet, then they will be able to work on it.

There are three cloud options on the market and they are relatively inexpensive as the service providers use the scale of their infrastructure to improve prices.

Private cloud:

Private cloud services are primarily used by clients that need more control over their data and have customisation needs. Protection is provided by the company’s dedicated firewall.

Public cloud:

The service provider offers the client storage on a multi-tenant basis, hence the use of the word “public.” It is suitable for unstructured data and archived information.

Hybrid cloud:

This is storage via a combination of the two other options. At least one private element and one public cloud element are implemented and data can be saved to wherever is necessary. Archived data to the public cloud, active files to the private cloud, for example, so that space is used efficiently.

The business client can choose from Software as a Service, or S.a.a.S, which means that they subscribe to a service over the internet, Platform as a Service, or P.a.a.S, which is a custom designed application for a company, or Infrastructure as a Service, I.a.a.S, which is a service offered by the likes of Microsoft and Google, among others.

Cloud computing is seen as more secure than onsite storage. Less time and money is spent by your firm protecting your data and the provider of the cloud computing and storage should have the relevant encryption, data management and storage standards, confidentiality and security accreditations to be able to offer the best service to you for your sensitive data, whether it’s company or client related.

So, in essence, cloud computing refers to a service or number of different services, more accurately, delivered remotely by a cloud provider over the internet. Cloud services reduce the need for businesses to run and maintain their own equipment, like servers, onsite and this can save a company a great deal of money.

DevOps – Development and Operations

Solution Development and Delivery

In earlier days, solutions were associated with getting the technology right. The key was technology, the solution was technology and the business expected and paid for technology. Times have changed. Well, at least for those of us taking notice. Today technology is hardly ever a significant problem. Technically, we have a less complicated world. Over the years we have come to understand that technology is basically an arrangement of Processing, Memory, Networking and Storage. We have mastered utilization by using virtualization. We understand horizontal scaling is ‘better’ than vertical scaling and that we can deliver the PMNS more easily in converged and hyperconverged products that also contain the software solution. We have automated many of the key activities to enable reduction in time and costs.

The Cloud paradigm came along and made life easier by helping us to become Service Brokers rather than server admins or network engineers. To the customer we are now Service Brokers; well, we should be. We should be experiencing shorter procurement cycles given that applications and services (the solutions) are delivered from a Service Catalog. Although this can be true in the Public Cloud deployment model and the Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery model, when it comes to Private Cloud procurement we still seem to be stuck in the past and suffer unnecessary delays. Even as Public Cloud services are taken up by more and more businesses the activity of getting the servers, applications and services ‘up there’ still makes for hard going. All the work that is required to design and deliver a Public Cloud hosted environment is still steeped in old-fashioned working practices.

Despite all this change and learning, solution design and implementation is still a thorny job and produces mountains of documentation (some needed, some pointless), endless Gant charts and interminable meetings trying to get the solution in place and delivered. Why is this?

Application Development and Delivery

Application developers use to live in a world of their own. To some extent that is still true. Application development companies don’t usually have network engineers, technical architects and storage SMEs sitting in on the early morning scrums. Applications are developed in isolation and separate from the technical solutions that will need to be created to host, resource and support the application.

In most cases an application is developed for one of two reasons. To provide a solution for an external customer or to provide an application for the business with which it can make money. For instance, a company needs to pay salaries. To do that it needs an application that can pay the salaries, calculate tax and pension information and enter data into a database and then print a payslip all in accordance with the legal framework set out in the Revenue Services ‘rules of engagement’. An application development company will take on that challenge and through a series of iterations it will deliver an application that meets all of the customer and legislative requirements. For a business that wants to make money from an application the scenario is very similar to that for an external customer. The difference is financial in that the business has to justify the cost of having developers on staff creating the application. That cost is set against a forecast of income from the eventual deployment of the application as a service for the business.

In both of the examples there are constants that can make for hard going. In the same way that technical solutions are affected by people, process and politics, so application development is affected by an isolationist practice. Why is this?

Why Is This?

Across all IT from datacenter infrastructure to applications to cloud there is one problem that affects the smooth, joined-up running of a project and that is ‘silos of activity’.

The silo has long been the black mark of IT. We became so used to operating in silos that we didn’t question whether such an arrangement was productive and cost effective. In fact, even now, the majority of IT organizations operate using silos. Solutioning and development in isolation.

Solution design and application development saw the arrival of Lean and Agile as a really effective way to operate and yet, silos remained. Companies operated Agile but, kept the silo way of doing things. Strange when you think about it. Agile means flexible and able to change without trauma. Silo is a ‘pit’ with high sides that makes change very difficult. So, in essence, Agile and silo worked together and made change difficult. Still does.


Here is a real-world example of a silo-based traditional IT environment where an application is to be developed and deployed. The process may differ slightly in some companies and the job titles may not be the same but, this has been my experience working for several large IT corporations and it is recognisable as a fairly common procedure.

The Application Developer creates an application from a concept or from a request. A Technical Services (TS) Architect is asked to create a High Level Design (HLD) for the application infrastructure. The TS Architect passes the HLD to the Project Architect to review the design. The Project Architect passes the final HLD back to the TS Architect. The TS Architect explains the design to the application developer and covers off any items that are likely to compromise the application. This is usually done in isolation from other experts. The HLD is signed off buy someone or other and the Project Architect sets about carrying out a due-diligence activity prior to creating the Low Level Design (LLD or Build Doc) for the application infrastructure. The Project Architect has to visit various Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) for Compute, Network, Storage and Disaster Recovery (DR) to find out what technologies and requirements will need to be in the LLD. Details around protocols, routing, security and firewall rules can be complex and can negatively affect the application if not carefully planned. To get this right a Business Impact Analysis expert needs to be consulted to make sure that security and compliance problems, if they exist, can be dealt with or mitigated. Most applications are deployed to virtual infrastructures which require the involvement of virtualization experts to aid provisioning and automation technologies. All in all, the Project Architect has to consult with many different silos of technology/experts. In the course of this activity the Architect has to constantly return to the application developer to check that what is being planned for the infrastructure is not going to ‘damage’ the application design and make the application ineffective when deployed. Finally, the Service Wrap needs to be put in place to support the application and to meet the non-functional requirements in the Service Level Agreements (SLAs). There could easily be twenty people involved in this process. I haven’t included test and development as this usually waits until the end of the main process along with User Acceptance Testing (UAT). Sometimes there is a separate team that handles this part, sometimes it’s carried out by Operations. Application design also includes the dependency tiers that provide the middleware and database layers. It could be that many more people will need to be involved when those services are included. What is true is that each SME is part of a silo. The project has to consult all these silos. Some are helpful, some are not and there are lots of reasons why No! can be the answer to all questions and suggested solutions.

All the silos and all the people involved make the whole project slow and costly. The analogy is the game of Snakes and Ladders.


Although the above example is somewhat crude it is a fair assessment of what application development can be like end-to-end. Everyone in the industry knows that this is the ‘normal’ state of affairs and accept that it is less than perfect. DevOps has begun to appear on the scene as the answer to the traditional silo approach. DevOps attempts to remove the silos and replace them with a collaborative and inclusive activity that is the Project. Application Development and Solution Design benefit from DevOps principles.

What needs to be done to remove silos:

  • Change the working culture
  • Remove the walls between teams (and you remove the silos)


  • Communication, Collaboration, Integration and Information Sharing

Easy to say and hard to do.

Most SMEs like to keep their information to themselves. Not true of all but, of many. It’s part of the traditional culture that has developed over many years. Working practices have made change difficult. Management of change is one of the most challenging tasks any company can embark on. Resistance will be resilient as it is important that people give up something to gain something. Making it clear what the gains are is imperative. People will change their attitudes and behaviours but, you have to give them really good reasons to do so. I’ve found that running multi-discipline workshops for the SMEs has proven an effective method of encouraging information-sharing and the breaking down of those ‘pit-walls’.

Explaining to the teams what DevOps is and what it is supposed to achieve is the first part of the educational process. The second is what needs to be done.

State specific, measurable objectives:

  • Implement an organization structure that is ‘flat’. If we espouse horizontal scaling, why not horizontal organizations?
  • Each App-Dev or Solution-Dev is a project and the team is end-to-end across the disciplines
  • Implement ongoing informational exchange and reviews
  • Make sure that everyone signs up to DevOps and understands the paradigm

What is DevOps

Just like the Cloud paradigm it is simply another way of doing something. Like Cloud it has different definitions depending on to whom you are speaking at the time.

Wikipedia states: Because DevOps is a cultural shift and collaboration between development and operations, there is no single DevOps tool, rather a set or “toolchain” consisting of multiple tools. Generally, DevOps tools fit into one or more categories, which is reflective of the software development and delivery process.

I don’t think that this is all DevOps is. The inference is that DevOps is concerned only with application development and operations. I do not believe that. I believe that DevOps is a paradigm and that like other IT ‘standards’ and paradigms it is relevant to all IT and not just applications. By removing the partitions between each practice in the chain and having all the key players involved from day one, as part of an inclusive and collaborative team, the cycle of application development and solution design becomes a continuous process that doesn’t have to divert to consult each required expert. No-one needs to throw a document over the wall to the next crew. Each document is written within the collaboration process and this has to make the document more relevant and powerful. Imagine that the project team is always in the same room from concept to deployment and each expert is always available to comment on and add to each step of that project. How much better than the traditional method where it can take days to get an answer to a simple question, or to even find the right person to ask.

The mantra is: Develop, Test, Deploy, Monitor, Feedback and so on. This sounds application-orientated. In fact, it can apply to the development of any IT solution. Like ITIL, TOGAF and the Seven Layer Reference Model it can be applied to any and all IT activities from development right through to support services. DevOps puts us all on the same page from the start to the finish.

Don’t allow your company to implement DevOps in isolation and only as a framework for application development. To do that would be to create another silo. Use it for every project and as the default culture for all your teams whether or not they are developers, engineers, architects or operations. And, finally, don’t complicate it. DevOps doesn’t need deep and profound definitions or long and tedious conversations about what it is and how to implement it. Just do it.

The Role of a Good Cooling Fan for Computers and Electronics

What the Fan Does

The main job of a computer or electronics fan is to keep the part cool. Chips inside them can get very hot so air flow keeps them at a regular temperature. Sadly, stock fans within electronics sometimes aren’t enough. Especially if there are several components working together, perhaps in an office or entertainment center.

That’s why a good fan and fan filter are a great addition to any setup. Learn more about the various types of fans below.

Common Types of Fans:

Power Supply – Most power supply units or PSU’s are provided with a 90mm or 120mm fan filter and internal fan.However, some suggest that they have two fans, one for intake and one for out-take. It is very crucial to keep all elements cool to lengthen the life of the equipment. Avoid melting and even exploding components from overheating by providing this type of cooling. The absence of a fan can greatly reduce its life span. Why take a chance?

Central Processing Unit – Having a smoothly operating fan in this unit is a critical step to have a computer or other device that performs well. Newer CPUs will have an internal temperature between 35 and 74 degrees Celsius, which is why a constant airflow from a fan and 120mm fan filter is necessary. The heat will continue to move off of the heat sink as required.

One can bet that if the CPU gets over 80 degrees Celsius it will fail in some way. A damaged motherboard means it’s time to buy a new unit in most cases.

Graphic Processing Unit – This type of fan is almost always found on high end video cards. It’s similar to the CPU fan in most ways, and helps keep games working smoothly with minimal issues.

Chipset – Chipsets in the motherboard come with both built in fans and 120mm fan filters and passive heat set ups. Many prefer passive heat but even these tiny fans work hard to keep things cool and cooperative. All elements, big or small need to stay operative and cool.

Case Fans – Also known as chassis fans, not every system or setup needs a case fan, or comes with one. No one should ever rely on the system to cool itself, it’s ineffective. Case fans come in many sizes as mentioned before; the most popular size is the fan and 120mm fan filter. Check the least in and outtake to see a huge difference in the effectiveness of any setup. Keeping the room temperature less than that inside the computer or part makes a huge difference.

Doing research is the best way to decide the final set up for what components are owned. There are many other fans that are wonderful supplements, and that can be installed. These include hard drive, PCI slot, and CD style. These types are great for helping CPU’s and video cards run at maximum efficiency.

These fans are almost always considered more of an option, while the above-mentioned fans are more mandatory. However, rest assured they do make a difference. Individuals can find fans and 120 mm fan filters from local and online sources.